Living Law dan ‘Urf sebagai Sumber Hukum Positif di Indonesia

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Mubarok, Nafi’ (2016) Living Law dan ‘Urf sebagai Sumber Hukum Positif di Indonesia. ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman, 11 (1). pp. 135-158. ISSN 2356-2218

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Abstract

This article deals with the issue of living law and ‘urf as the sources of positive law in Indonesia. The existence of living law and ‘urf (habits which are normally and consistently conducted by members of society) are acknow-ledged in Indonesian legal system. In fact, the theory of living law and ‘urf have been adopted as legal reasoning for many laws or bills, such as the law number 23/2014 on local government and the law number 21/2008 on Shariah banking. It can bee seen that many legal decisions by courts judges also have their sources from living laws, such as what deals with criminal sanction, female reciepient of inheritance, the validaty of a merriage. Many legal decisions by court judges also adopt the ‘urf, such as the amount of money for ‘iddah (waiting time before marriage after divorce), the validity of eloping (kawin lari), shared property in marriage. Artikel ini membahas masalah living law dan 'urf sebagai sumber hukum positif di Indonesia. Adanya living law dan 'urf (kebiasaan yang biasanya dan konsisten dilakukan oleh anggota masyarakat) diakui dalam sistem hukum Indonesia. Faktanya, teori living law dan 'urf telah diadopsi sebagai pertimbangan hukum untuk banyak undang-undang atau undang-undang, seperti undang-undang nomor 23/2014 tentang pemerintah daerah dan undang-undang nomor 21/2008 tentang perbankan Syariah. Bisa dilihat bahwa banyak keputusan hukum oleh hakim pengadilan juga memiliki sumber dari living law, seperti yang berkaitan dengan sanksi pidana, warisan warisan perempuan, keabsahan sebuah perkenalan. Banyak keputusan hukum oleh hakim pengadilan juga mengadopsi 'urf, seperti jumlah uang untuk' iddah (waktu tunggu sebelum menikah setelah perceraian), keabsahan pelarian (kawin lari), properti bersama dalam pernikahan.

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Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmailNIM
Mubarok, Nafi’nafi.mubarok@uinsby.ac.idUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Hukum > Hukum Pidana
Hukum > Hukum Perdata
Hukum Adat
Uncontrolled Keywords: Living law; ‘urf; Indonesian legal system
Divisions: Karya Ilmiah > Artikel Jurnal
Depositing User: Dr Mubarok Nafi'
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2019 07:07
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2019 07:07
URI: http://digilib.uinsby.ac.id/id/eprint/21848

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