Ma'rifat Allah menurut Ibn 'Ata' Allah al Sakandari

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Ghozi, Ghozi (2017) Ma'rifat Allah menurut Ibn 'Ata' Allah al Sakandari. PhD thesis, UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya.

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Abstract

This dissertation discusses Ma'rifat Allah refers to Ibn 'At a' Allah, from ontological, epistemological, and axiological perspectives. The main issues in this dissertation are: first, the matter of Ma'rifat Allah in spiritual experience perspective (mysticism), reflective-representational perspective (language mysticism), and the perspective of discursive-scientific (meta-mysticism). This issue clarifies the position of Ibn 'Ata 'Allah among the existing Mazhab of Sufism. Secondly, the factors form to a shape the doctrine of Ma'rifat Allah Ibn 'Ata 'Allah. This issue also shows a guidance on the characteristics of the Mazhab Sufism of Ibn 'Ata 'Allah. Third, the attitude of Ibn 'At a' Allah towards Mazhab of Sufism based on the doctrine of Ma'rifat Allah as he believed. This study is a library research with a hermeneutic approach. In ontological perspective, both reading and understanding Ma’rifat must be pointed at a level where its Ma’rifat will be read and the intent of what the Ma’rifat be understood. At religious experience level cannot be understood. This level is witnessing the great description of where the mind and utterance as well as the loss of ego. Mystical language level is a self inability saves the taste. Thus, is unwittingly expressed (shatahat). Level meta-mysticism is discursive territory where ah shat a t be analyzed. In the epistemological perspective, Ma'rifat Allah is achieved through two things, al-dhikr (zikr) and al-fikr. In a mystic experience achievement obtains witnessing towards his God through his heart's spot. At a certain stage, the domain of heart-spot causes a nature loses its sight alike by a man-Makrifat. Here, it is also traced the roots of the doctrine s a h ib al-hikam. In the Axiological perspective’s found that Ibn 'Ata 'Allah, sufi publicly accepts the doctrine of Sufism from the various Mazhab (Sufism salafi, Sufism Sunni, and Sufism philosophical. Almost every Mazhab colors the characteristics of Sufism of Ibn 'Ata 'Allah. But then, the influence of the domain figures of Sufism is Sunni. Even, he strives to reconcile a polemic that occurred in Mazhab-mazhab of Sufism. This dissertation was rejected several views of scholars who believe that Ibn 'at a' Allah affiliated in Mazhab of al-hulul, al-ittihad, wahdat al-wujud, and wahdat al-shuhud. Because, according to him, the emergence of these madzhab due to the diversity of Ma’rifat Allah’s implications which is achieved by a mystic.

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Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Creators:
CreatorsEmailNIM
Ghozi, Ghozighozi.ichsan@gmail.comUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Tasawuf
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ma'rifat Allah; al-Fana'; mazhab of Sufism
Divisions: Program Doktor > Dirasah Islamiyah
Depositing User: Ghozi Ghozi
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2017 08:45
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2019 02:51
URI: http://digilib.uinsby.ac.id/id/eprint/19908

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